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INTRODUCTION
Bulimia comes from the Greek and means ' a lot of hunger '. This disorder that involves repeated binge eating followed by purging the body of calories to avoid gaining weight. The person who has bulimia has an irrational fear of gaining weight and a distorted body image. It has a potentially fatal health consequences. A subset of people with bulimia also have anorexia.



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DEFINITION

Bulimia is a psychological eating disorder and also called bulimia nervosa. A person with bulimia eats a lot of food in a short amount of time (binging) fallowed by inappropriate methods of weight control include: vomiting, fasting, enemas, excessive use a laxatives and diuretics, or compulsive exercising. Also, bulimics have this characteristics:

  • Want desperately to lose weight

  • Are very unhappy with their body size and shape


CAUSES

In fact, we do not know the cause of Bulimia. Many researches say it begins in adolescence when they start to worry about being thin and looking good. It also adolescence have low selfesteem, feeling of helplessness and a fear of becoming fat. Many adolescence are influenced by fashion, models, television and they think there is a model of life to imitate. Moreover, there are some factors that can cause Bulimia.


  • Culture> Women are under constant pressure to get a certain ideal of beauty. Because every day they are exposed to see images of thin females, it is a problem for them in order to seem like the model of the picture.
  • Families> If you have a mother or sister with bulimia, it is said you are most exposed to have Bulimia. Parents who think look are very important or criticize their children's bodies are more likely to have a child with bulimia.
  • Life changes or stressful events> Traumatic events such as rape or stressful things like starting a new job can lead to bulimia.
  • Personality features> A person with bulimia feels loneliness, unhappiness . She hates the way she looks. She also has impulsive behaviors.
  • Biology> Genes and hormones can be factors in developing bulimia.










EFFECTS

Bulimia can be a dangerous disease if we do not detect in time.

Those are some effects:




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STATISTICS

In Canada 1.5% of women from aged 15 to 24 years had an Eating Disorder according to a 2002 survey. Respectively in 2007 the percentagem of Bulimia Nervosa was estimated to be 0.3% and 1% among adolescent and young women. Studies show that the rates appear to increase during the transition from adolescent to young adulthood.
(Government of Canada. (2006). The Human Face of Mental Health and Mental Illness in Canada 2006).


TREATMENT
In order to be successful treatment for Bulimia Nervosa, the patient needs both medical and psychological treatment. It is also important to include Counselling, Nutritional Education and Support from Family and Friends. It requires constant support the treatment that can take from three to six months.


CONCLUSION
Bulimia is a dangerous illness. It does not discriminate gender, age, religion, ethnicity, nationality, sexuality or level of intelligence; therefore, everybody are exposed to it. In fact, Bulimia is a disease caused by the desire to look good physically. In addition, we can say the society has an important role in the development of the disease because it discriminates against fat people, that can lead them to take this hard decision. In our opinion, this illness mostly occurs in adolescents. Although it is a terrible malady, we think the numbers of bulimia cases could be reduced if people have more information about the dangers they are exposed in case they become bulimic. Finally, we present a fast and interesting test that can be useful in order to know if we are potential bulimic.


WOULD YOU LIKE TO KNOW IF YOU HAVE AN EATING DISORDER? TAKE THIS QUIZ.


BIBLIOGRAPHY
- http://www.nedic.ca/knowthefacts/statistics.shtml
- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bulimia_nervosa
- http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0001381/
- http://www.atlantadentist.com/Bulimia_Nervosa.html
- http://www.mirror-mirror.org/bulimia/statistics-on-bulimia.htm